Plehve, Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von

(1847–1904)
   One of the most reactionary and anti-Semitic of Tsar Nicholas II’s advisors, von Plehve was made minister of internal affairs in 1902. As security chief, von Plehve supported draconian internal security practices and supported anti-Semitic organizations known as “Black Hundreds.” He was despised by liberal and radical public opinion for his sponsorship of the Kishinev pogrom of April 1903 that claimed hundreds of Jewish lives. Von Plehve was an incompetent security chief. He fired his most competent subordinate, Nikolai Zubatov, and ignored intelligence about growing urban and peasant radicalism. More importantly, he was seen by many Russians as the single most evil figure in the tsar’s court. His death became a major goal of the Socialist Revolutionary Party’s Battle Organization, and after several failed attempts he was assassinated in 1904, an act that prompted genuine popular rejoicing in Russia.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PLEHVE, VYACHESLAV KONSTANTINOVICH VON° — (1846–1904), Russian statesman, a leader of Russian reactionary circles during the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II. In 1881 he was appointed director of the police department of the Ministry of the Interior and from 1884 to 1894 he was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Vyacheslav von Plehve — Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von Plehve (Вячеслав Константинович фон Плеве), also Pléhve, or Pleve (OldStyleDate|20 April|1846|8 April in Meshchovsk, Kaluga Guberniya ndash; OldStyleDate|28 July|1904|15 July in St Petersburg) was the director of… …   Wikipedia

  • Плеве, Вячеслав Константинович — Вячеслав Константинович фон Плеве …   Википедия

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